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The origin and development of packaging

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Packaging is an ancient and modern topic, but also people from beginning to end in the research and exploration of the subject. From the ancient primitive society, the farming age, to the modern society with great scientific and technological development, the packaging gradually developed with the evolution of mankind, the emergence of goods, the development of production and the progress of science and technology, and continued to make a major breakthrough. Overall, the packaging has gone through the original packaging, traditional packaging and modern packaging three stages of development.

First, the original packaging of human use of packaging history can be shaped to the ancient times. As early as the end of the original society about ten thousand years ago, with the improvement of production technology, production development, with the remaining items to be stored and exchanged, so began to appear the original packaging. Initially, people tied with wild rattan, with plants, leaves, shells, skins and other wrapped items, which is the original packaging development of embryos. Later, with the improvement of labor skills, people to plant fiber and other production of the most primitive basket, baskets, with fire calcined stone, clay made of clay pots, mud bowls and mud irrigation, used to hold, save food, drinks and other items , So that the convenience of transport packaging, storage and storage functions have been initially improved. This is the ancient packaging, that is, the original packaging.

Second, the traditional packaging around 5000 BC, humans began to enter the Bronze Age. 4000 years ago, the Chinese Xia Dynasty, the Chinese people have smelt bronze, Shang and Zhou bronze smelting technology to further develop. Spring and Autumn Warring States period, people mastered the cast iron steelmaking technology and paint painting technology, iron containers, painted wooden containers appear. In ancient Egypt, 3000 BC began blowing glass containers. Therefore, with ceramic, glass, wood, metal processing of various packaging containers have thousands of years of history, many of which continue to improve the development of technology, has been used to now.

As early as the Han Dynasty, 105 BC Cai Lun invented the papermaking. AD 61 years, the Chinese papermaking by Korea to Japan; the first century into Europe, Germany, the first to build a larger paper mill. The middle of the 11th century, China Bi Sheng invented the movable type printing. 15 century, Europe began to appear in the printing, packaging and printing and packaging and decoration industry began to develop. 16th century European ceramic industry began to develop; the United States built a glass factory, began to produce all kinds of glass containers. At this point, to ceramic, glass, wood, metal and other packaging materials as the main material began to develop, modern packaging began to modern packaging over.

Since the 16th century, the rapid development of industrial production, especially the 19th century European industrial revolution, has greatly promoted the development of the packaging industry, thus laying the foundation for the emergence and establishment of modern packaging industry and packaging technology.

At the end of the century, French scientists invented sterilized packaging food, resulting in the beginning of the 19th century glass canned food and canned tin canned food, food packaging has been rapid development. Into the 19th century, the packaging industry began to develop in all directions, the mechanism of the emergence of wooden boxes in 1800, 1814 Britain appeared in the first long net paper machine, 1818 tinplate metal cans, in 1856, the United States invented the corrugated, 1860 European system Into the bag machine, in 1868 the United States invented the first synthetic plastic bag - celluloid, 1890 US rail freight yard transport committee began to recognize the corrugated box as a formal transport container. The following are the same as the "

In the 20th century, the rapid development of science and technology, new materials, new technologies continue to appear, polyethylene, paper, glass, aluminum foil, all kinds of plastic, composite materials and other packaging materials are widely used, aseptic packaging, shock packaging, Packaging, packaging, composite packaging and other technologies become increasingly mature, from many aspects to strengthen the packaging function.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, the rapid development of international trade, packaging has been valued by the world, about 90% of the goods need to go through varying degrees, different types of packaging, packaging has become an important part of the production and distribution process. At present, electronic technology, laser technology, microwave technology is widely used in the packaging industry, packaging design to achieve a computer-aided design (CAD), packaging production is also mechanized and automated production.

The development of packaging industry and technology has promoted the formation of packaging scientific research and packaging. It is a comprehensive science in the interdisciplinary group, which organically absorbs and integrates new theories, new materials, new technologies and new technologies of different disciplines, from the aspects of physics, chemistry, biology, humanities, art and so on. System engineering point of view to solve the commodity protection, storage, transportation and promotion of sales and other integrated issues in the circulation process. The classification of packaging disciplines is relatively diverse, usually classified as packaging materials science, packaging and transportation, packaging technology, packaging design, packaging management, packaging and decoration, packaging and testing, packaging mechanics and other sub-disciplines. At present, China has more than 40 colleges and universities run a packaging engineering, packaging talent team growing.


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